This is the Middle Kingdom Letter of Acceptances and Returns for Escutcheon's October 2000 letter. Comments in braces {} were removed from the Letter of Intent sent to Laurel and the College of Arms. Names, devices, or badges in braces have been returned or pended; general comments or replies to commentary are also placed in braces.

Many thanks to THL Paul Wickenden of Thanet, THL Richard Morgan of Cumberland, THL Moraig Drummond, THL Friedrich Eric Helmut von Rheinhausen, Lord Leolin Gofar, Lord Wilhelm Schatzgeyer, Lord Etienne de Claremont, Lord Gunther Friedrich von Bodenheim, Mistress Elena de Vixen, Lirianna, Lord Dominic Durant of Marlborough, Madeleine de Saint-Michel, Lady Adeliza de Saviniaco, Lord Mikhail of Lubelska, Lady Ælfreda æt Æthelwealda, and all the folks who participated in my road-show for their commentary this month.

1) Andrea Pellegrini. New Name and Device.

Per pale argent and sable, two fish in annulo gules

<Andrea> is found in Withycombe (1st ed) (13) and also in the "Florentine Catasto of 1427" (http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/ catasto/overview.html). <Pellegrini> is in Fucilla (241) and means "the Pilgrim" or "the traveler." The name Domenico Pellegrini is dated to 1379 in Brucker, Society of Renaissance Florence (97). The client cares most about having an Italian language/culture name and would like it to be authentic for that language/culture. Submitted as <Andrea di Pellegrini>, we removed the particle <di> to match documented usage.

2) Anna Mailander. New Badge.

[Fieldless] A sewing needle bendwise sinister surmounted by a ladybug bendwise sinister proper.

Name reg'd 9/95.

None of the college was sure if ladybugs were acceptable charges or not; as I do not have a copy of the PicDic, I could not check for myself. Were ladybugs known in period?

{*) Friedrich von Augsberg. Device Resubmission.

Purpure, a griffin Or and on a chief sable three crosses formy Or

This is color on color, and so being returned.}

3) Giles fitz Alan. Device Resubmission.

Per pale sable and gules, a wyvern passant coward, in chief two mullets of six points Or

Name reg'd 6/00

{The client's previous submission (Per pale sable and gules, a wyvern counterchanged, on a chief embattled azure, two mullets of six points Or) was returned by Rouge Scarpe on 2/00 for poor contrast.}

We are sending this up for a visual check from Laurel. Conflict was called against Wolfgang Adolphus Jaeger (reg. 11/92), "Per pale sable and gules, a dragon segreant between in chief two ermine spots Or." There is one CD for the ermine spots vs. the mullets, but commentary was split whether there would be one between a dragon segreant and a wyvern passant. Wyverns and dragons are normally given a CD, but because a wyvern only has two legs, the only difference between a dragon segreant and a wyvern passant is the lack of two legs. Therefore, we are not sure if this is in conflict or not, and are sending it up for further commentary.

4) Joseph Griffin. New Name {and Device.

Gyronny argent and sable, a patriarchal cross fitchy gules.}

<Joseph> is found in Withycombe (180). <Griffin> is in Black (329) and dated to 1226. It is an English form of a Welsh personal name. <Griffin> appears as a surname in Reaney & Wilson as early as 1197. The client cares most about meaning and time period and will NOT allow MAJOR changes.

{The device conflicts with William de Rouen (reg. 1/97), "Per pale argent and Or, a cross crosslet fitchy gules." There is one CD for the field, but none for the type of cross.}

5) Liora eshes Yehoshua. New Name and Device.

Argent, a swan naiant contourny, a bordure azure.

<Liora> is the client's modern Hebrew given name. A copy of her naming certificate (roughly equivalent to proof of conversion) is enclosed.

<eshes> means "wife of." There is a woman from Mainz, Germany listed in Stampnisky's Names from Hebrew Chronicles of the 10th to 13th Centuries: Individuals Mentioned in Hebrew Accounts, 10th-11th centuries (http://www.yucs.org/~jules/names/firstcr.html ) as <Maras Guta eshes Rabbana R[eb] Yitzchak b[en] R[eb] Moshe>.

<Yehoshua> is a Biblical name and the name of her modern husband (Yehoshua ben Yisrael [reg'd 4/96]) and thus grandfathered to her. She cares most about sound and having a Hebrew name and would like it to be a period Jewish name. She will NOT permit MAJOR changes.

{) Olaf Skytja. Badge Resubmission.

Or, a pheon inverted and a bordure sable.

Name reg'd 9/90

The client's previous submission (Or, a pheon inverted sable) was returned by Rouge Scarpe on 8/00 for conflict with Hreodbeorth MacBeath ([Fieldless] A pheon inverted sable).

This is being returned for conflict with a badge submitted on the August Ansteorran ELoI, "Or, a pheon inverted and a bordure sable." While the Ansteorran badge has not yet been registered, it will be registered, barring any problems, by the time this one reaches Laurel.

Additionally, the bordure is much too narrow, and even without the conflict, this would need to be returned for redrawing.}

6) Sadb ingen Ségdae. New Name.

<Sadb> is dated to 1048 in Ó Corráin & Maguire (160). <Ségdae> is a header spelling in ibid, (164), noted as "a relatively rare early name." We are unsure what the correct genitive of <Ségdae> is, and ask the College's help in determining this. The client cares most about having an Irish name that means "the hawklike" and wants a period 11th century Irish name.

7) Semeeah bint al-Khayyat. New Name.

<Semeeah> is found in Da'ud ibn Auda, "Arabic Naming Practices and Period Names List" (http://www.panix.com/~mittle/name s/daud/arabic-naming). <al-Khayyat> is also documented in this source.

While the article does not list an examples of a daughter called by her father's cognomen, rather than his given name, there is an example of a man named <Muhammed ibn al-Hasan ibn Muhammad ibn al-Karim al-Katib al-Baghdadi>, suggesting that a nasab could be formed from a father's cognomen as well as from his given name.

8) Vargávik, Shire of. New Group Name and Device.

Gyronny arrondí Or and gules, in canton a laurel wreath sable

The name is intended to mean "wolf bay" in Old Norse and is constructed from two elements. The first theme is <varg> and means "wolf." The second is <vik> and means "bay or inlet." Both of these derivations are from Glendening, Teach Yourself Icelandic (no page numbers given). No copies are enclosed and no indication of how the two themes were combined to create the final product. A petition of support for the name and device are included. The clients care most about meaning and sound.

Neither element is found in Geirr Bassi, which is my only source for Norse names. None of the commenters were able to help with this name, and so we are forwarding it on to the College with a request for assistance. It seems reasonable, but I know nothing of Norse naming practices and have no sources to help me.

The laurel wreath is drawn more full in the large emblazon. This does not conflict with the Order of the Laurel "[Tinctureless] A laurel wreath." There is one CD for tinctureless, and one for the unforced move to canton.

Done by my hand this 19th day of December,

Aryanhwy merch Catmael, Rouge Scarpe

Sara L. Friedemann
213 N. Paterson
Madison, WI 53703

Disclaimer: This page is not officially sanctioned by the SCA, Inc., the Middle Kingdom, or the MK College of Heralds. It is a private project of the Escutcheon Herald (Paul Wickenden of Thanet) who has based the information published here on publicly-available documentation.