September 15, 2001

Greetings unto THL Clarissa Wykeham, Dragon; Lady Aryanhwy merch Catmael, Rouge Scarpe; and the commenting members of the Midrealm College of Heralds; from THL Paul Wickenden of Thanet, Escutcheon.

Here are the August 2001 submissions for your consideration and commenting. All commentary should be sent to the Rouge Scarpe Herald, Aryanhwy merch Catmael, early enough to arrive by November 1, 2001, with copies to Dragon and myself. Unless otherwise stated, all name submissions will accept minor and major changes to grammar and/or spelling.

This is the last month that Northshield submissions will appear on these ILoIs. Starting on September 1, 2001, all Northshield submissions are to be sent to THL Moraig Anne Drummond (Sarah Fowlston, 3436 Minnehaha Ave S, Minneapolis MN 55406).

1) Alastríona ingean ui Faolán. New Name and Device. Per bend sable and vert, a hawk displayed, in chief three triquetras argent.


Alastríona is found in Woulfe (206). It is asserted to be the feminine form of Alartan. Ibid (95) gives Faolán as a masculine goven name, meaning "the howler" (as in a wolf). Ibid (521) also provides the surname Ó Faoláin. Grammar and construction taken from ibid. The client will NOT accept MAJOR changes. She cares most about meaning (having the "wolf" element in her name). She is interested in having a period 15th century Irish name.

Just wondering: Is the plural of triquetra actually "triquetrae?"

2) Ambra Biancospina. New Name and Device. Azure, a bend sinister between an owl close affronty and a goblet argent.


Ambra is found in "Feminine Given Names from the Online Catasto of Florence 1427." Biancospina is Italian for "hawthorn" according to the Hangensheidt Standard Italian Dictionary (148). This exact anthroponym could not be located, but the client does cite some similar patterns from "Family Names Appearing in the Catasto of 1427" including Fazi (beech), Bossi (box), and Pezzi (spruce). The client cares most about meaning and wants an authentic 15th century Italian name.

3) Anabella Makmyllane. Device Resubmission. Per fess purpure and vert, a fess between in chief a descrescent between two mullets and in base a mullet argent.

(Lafayette, IN)

{Name reg'd 6/01}

The client's previous submission (Per fess purpure and vert, a fess between three mullets, and enhanced in chief a descrescent argent) was returned by Rouge Scarpe on 2/01 for redrawing of the mullets.

4) Blædwyn Honestus. New Name and Device. Argent, a sun between two lightning bolts in chevron inverted, on a chief embattled sable, three crescents argent.

(St. Clair Shores, MI)

Blæd- is found as a prototheme in Searle (108) and -wyn is in ibid (523) as a deuterotheme. The client would prefer Blædewyn if possible. Honestus is Latin for "honorable" according to New College Latin & English Dictionary (n.p.). The client cares most about sound.

5) Fiona Ó Caoindealbháin. New Name.


The documentation supplied by the client is assertion and not terribly helpful but I quote it in full in case it gives commentators some ideas:

"Ó Caoindealbháin is the Gaelic form of O'Quinlivan, which is my mother's maiden name. This sept originated in Leinster and is said to be the descendants of Laoghaire, King of Ireland around 400 AD. They later settled in Tipperary and Cork and the name anglicized to O'Quinlivan. My mother still keeps in touch with her family, now scattered all over southern Ireland and London, England. Fiona is just an old Irish name, means Fair."

The client will not accept MAJOR changes and cares most about meaning and language/culture (having a "name to reflect my heritage"). She is interested in having an authentic 14th century Irish/English name.

6) Grecia de Canterton. New Name and Device. Or, three panthers rampant guardant azure, incensed gules, spotted argent.

(Caer Anterth Mawr)

Grecia is in Withycombe (138, under "Grace") and dated to 1213 & 1346. Canterton is in Ekwall (81) as a header spelling. The client would prefer Caunteton, if possible.

7) Gulli av Grendelag. New Name and Device. Argent, a rat rampant sable.


Gulli is dated to 1325 in Lind, Norsk-Isländska Dopnamn (400). Grendelag means "a neighborhood or group of farms" according to Einar Haugen, Norwegian-English Dictionary (161). The client will NOT accept MAJOR changes and cares most about sound.

8) Isabel Fosson. New Name and Device. Argent, a squirrel statant gules, on a chief vert three acorns argent.


Isabel is dated to 1284 in Withycombe (164, under "Isabel[la]"). Fosson is a header spelling for an "ancient" name in Morlet (422). The client will NOT accept MAJOR changes. She cares most about having a French Norman 11th-12th century name.

9) Karen Ingriddotir. New Name and Device. Sable, a pentagon within an orle argent.


Karen is the client's modern name (ID provided). Ingrid is from Lind (col 639, under Ingiriðr) which has Ingridh (dated to 1430) and Ingerid (dated to 1461). Sveriges Medeltida (IV:543) lists Cecelia Ingadottir, showing both the construction and the use of metronymics. The -dotir is not found but can be changed. The client will NOT allow any changes to the given name and wants a name that means "Karen, daughter of Ingrid").

10) Lancelot of Windhaven. Device Resubmission. Per pale ermine and counter-ermine.


{Name reg'd 1/01}

The client's previous submission (Counter-ermine, on a chief argent two keys in saltire sable) was returned by Laurel on 1/01 for conflict with Eirik Vilhelmsson (Counter-ermine, on a chief argent a grove of seven fir trees proper).

11) Leonor Alcon. New Name and Device. Per chevron vert and argent, three popinjays counterchanged.

(Red Spears)

Leonor is found in de Luna, "Spanish Names from the Late 15th Century." Alcon is a surname found in ibid. The client cares most about having a Spanish name from 1410-1450 and would like it to be authentic for that time and place.

12) Lie de Camurac. New Name and Device. Per chevron vert and azure, three martletts argent.


Lie is found in Dubh, "1292 Census of Paris" as the name of a taverner. Camurac is found in Dauzat, Lieux (140) as a header spelling. Camuracum (a variant) is dated to 1347. The client cares most about sound and language. She says that she wants an authentic 13th-14th century name but will NOT permit MINOR changes.

13) Oswin De Kokerham. New Name and Device. Gules, three crosses fleury and on a chief indented Or, two arming buckles sable.

(Mystic Straits)

Oswin is found in Withycombe (236) and dated to the 14th century. De Kokerham is found in Reaney & Wilson (103) and dated to 1349. The client cares most about sound and wants an authentic 14th century English name. He will NOT permit MAJOR changes.

14) Ragnar Karlson. New Badge. Per pale gules and argent, two bearded axes in saltire between three mullets all counterchanged.

(Ostrander, OH)

{Name reg'd 9/89}

15) Robard Sharparrow. New Name and Device. Per pale sable and argent, two pheons counterchanged, a bordure gules.


Robard is dated to 1507 in Withycombe (n.p., under "Robert"). Sharparrow is in Reaney & Wilson (n.p.) and dated to 1568. The client cares most about sound and would like an authentic English name. He will NOT permit MAJOR changes.

16) Ryan of Gray Gargoyles. New Name and Device. Quarterly Or and azure, in bend two lions rampant gules.

(Grey Gargoyles)

Ryan is the submitter's modern given name (driver's license copy attached). Grey [not "Gray"] Gargoyles is an SCA branch whose name was registered on 4/80. As a technical detail, the client's name should be corrected to Ryan of Grey Gargoyles.

17) Stephen atte Smythe. New Name.


Stephen is in Reaney & Wilson (426) and is dated to 1260 as a surname. Ibid (415, under "Smith") has William atte Smith and Thomas de la Smythe dated to 1313 and Robert atte Smyth which is dated to 1332. There is a Stevie Smith in the Cambridge Biographical Encyclopedia which may be a conflict. If it is a conflict, the client will accept Stephen Wevere atte Smyth (Wevere is in Reaney & Wilson [480, under "Weaver"] and dated to 1296). The client cares most about having an English name from c1300.

18) Vilk{u,} Urvas, Incipient Shire of. Appeal of Branch Name Return.

(Floodwood, MN)

This item was pended last month because only one copy of the documentation (and no summary) was included [given that the documentation is extensive, this was an issue].

The client's previous submission was returned by Laurel on 9/00 for implausible grammar and lack of documentation. Further investigation of the return by both the Shire's members and the Escutcheon Herald revealed that the original documentation was never forwarded to Pelican by Laurel's staff. We hope that will not occur this time and the clients have provided a convenient spiral bound copy of the documentation for Laurel's use.

Because of the sheer volume of the documentation, we requested that the Shire provide a summary of the key points, which I quote here in full:

"We feel than an improper decision has been rendered based, in part, on the following:

"According to the Queen Laurel of Arms, the name was rejected because it was the opinion of those commenting that a 'lair' was not a human habitation. As our documentation (if it had remained with our submission) showed, the Lithuanian word 'urvas', means, "cave, grotto, cavern, cavity or hollow", which can be human habitations. She also stated that English names could be used to justify the naming practice, which is included from the College of Saint Gabriel.

"Examples of naming practice being used in various places:

"In England: (from College of St. Gabriel - A Collection of 613 English Borough Names for Use in Locative Bynames by Lord Frederic Badger) - Camelford (1257); Cockermouth (1260); Dunstable (1114); Dunwich (803); Harewood (1266); Mousehole (1267); Oxford (900); Sheepwash (1230); badger/placenames.html

"In Lithuania: (translations & dates): Vilkakiemis - wolf yard : Vilka-(wolf) Ref. #2, page V--34; -kiemas (yard) Ref. #1, page 573); Vilkapieviai - wolf's meadow : Vilka (wolf) Ref. #2, page v-34; -pieviai (meadow) Ref. #1, page 304; Vilku Kampas - wolf's corner : Vilku (wolf), Ref. #2, page V-34; Kampas (corner), Ref. #1, page 110; Elniakampis - deer corner : Elnia (deer), Ref. #1, page 128; kampis (corner), Ref, #1, page 110; Vilkija - wolf's place - Ref. #3; Vilku Kampas - approx. early 4th century or before: date obtained from email from Albina Stundziene, Genealogist with the Balzeka's Lithuanian Museum in Chicago, Illinois that states in part: 'We found some information just on village Vilk{u,} Kampas in Lietuvi{u,} Enciklopedija and Ma{z^}oji Lietuvi{s^}koji Tarybiné Enciklopedija. All information is in Lithuanian language. The exact date when the village was established is not given, but Encyclopedias mention, that there was an Iron Age cemetery here.'

"Vilkaviskis - 16th century: date obtained from Ref. #4, page 131; Vilkija - 14th-15th century: date obtained from Ref. #4, page 133; Elniakampis - 16th century: date obtained from Ref. # 4, page 131 : 'Vilkaviskis, like the other towns of southern Lithuania, was settled in the 16th century.' Elniakampis is in southern Lithuania (see maps at Elniakampis is located outside of Vilnius (capital of Lithuania) which is in southern Lithuania.

"Lithuanian References: Ref. 1: Anglu-Lietuvua Kalbu Zodynas - an English/Lithuanian dictionary; Ref. 2: Words-Words, an English-Lithuania dictionary; Ref. 3: Renata Drukteinyte, a Lithuanian resident, who works as an English/Lithuanian translator; Ref. 4: Encyclopedia Lituanica, Volume VI, V-Z. In other areas: [These references were located at the following website: Alexandria Digital Library Gazetteer Server ( gazetteer/)]

"Frakas-tanya (Hungary - wolf's den); Katte Straat (Denmark - cat strait); Den Otter (Belgium); Mount Falcon (Ireland).

In the 13th Century, the Teutonic Order invaded Lithuania and established castles and towns. The Order was comprised of people from various countries including England, Hungary and Denmark. It stands to reason, that these people would use naming practices from their home countries when naming these towns. Also, Denmark and Lithuania are both Baltic States and therefore, would probably use similar naming practices. (from The History of Lithuania before 1795, Zigmantas Kiaupa, Jurate Kiaupiene, Albinas Kuncevicius, pages 97-98)

"Based on advice from the Queen Laurel of Arms, it is our opinion that this documentation is sufficient to show that this naming practice has been widely used throughout European history. Much of the existing documentation from Lithuania, was destroyed during the Soviet occupation, so some information is just not available."

The clients care most about meaning ("wolves' lair") and language and would like an authentic Lithuanian name.

Escutcheon's personal two kopecks: I objected to the original return at the time and I support their appeal. The amount of documentation available from this region is little (I can say this because I possess the Society's largest collection of onomastics resources -- about five books! -- from the Baltic region) and they have done much with what could be located.

The following submission has been RETURNED and the clients notified:

R1) Catteden, Proto-Incipient Canton of. Group Device Resubmission. Argent, a demi-cat sable issuant from a base and in dexter chief a laurel wreath azure.

(Findlay, OH)

This item (pended on the 8/01 ILoI) was returned due to the return of the group's name by Laurel. Laurel, in turn, returned the name because the group itself lacks any official status. Until the group applies for "incipient" status, it cannot send in a submission.

Yours In Service,

Paul Wickenden of Thanet

c/o SCA -- MK College of Heralds
P.O. Box 44623
Madison WI 53744-4623


Clarissa Wykeham
Nancy Rivers
11080 Langdon Dr
Clio MI 48420

Rouge Scarpe:

Aryanhwy merch Catmael
Sara L. Friedemann
150 Langdon #B2
Madison WI 53703

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