September 15, 1999

Greetings unto Lady Clarissa Wykeham, Dragon; Lord Alan Fairfax, Rouge Scarpe; and the commenting members of the Midrealm College of Heralds; from Lord Paul Wickenden of Thanet, Escutcheon.

Here are the August 1999 submissions (including all the Pennsic submissions that Fairfax was able to give me) for your consideration and commenting. All commentary should be sent to Rouge Scarpe Herald, Alan Fairfax, early enough to arrive by November 1, 1999, with copies to Dragon and myself. Unless otherwise stated, all name submissions will accept minor and major changes to grammar and/or spelling. I was helped this month in coloring the majority of the Pennsic submissions by Katya Zhdana Volkova Kievskaya, Anders Olafsson, Aryanhwy Prytydes merch Catmael, and Olena Ksen'ia Barsova, called Ilyana.

As I warned last month, this is a large letter. My advice: do not burn out on this. If you do not feel you can comment on the entire letter, then comment solely on the parts you DO feel confident commenting upon. We'd like to keep all of you around!

1) Accolon Shadowhawk. New Device. Per bend sinister Or and sable, a hawk rising maintaining a cup counterchanged.

{Name reg'd 9/88}

2) Ælfflaed aet Wethmor. New Name and Device. Azure, a fess between six crescents argent.

"Ælfflaed appears to have been a reasonably common Anglo-Saxon name; Searle's Onomasticon lists 19 women named Ælfflaed [sic]. The earliest of these is dated to 653. This list includes instances from several sources, including one occurence [sic] of the name in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (see attached documentation).

"Wethmore is a place name, also found in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle as the spot where the pagan king Guthrum was baptised. The modern spelling appears to be 'Wedmore'; Stenton lists 'Wethmor' as the period spelling of the name."

This looks pretty good to us. To fill in some details, the given name is cited in Searle (7). It is dated to 792 in The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (55). Wedmore is dated to 878 in ibid (76 and 77). Stenton, Anglo-Saxon England (734) gives the "Wethmor" spelling (as well as showing it on an enclosed map. She cares most about having an Anglo-Saxon name and wants a period 7-11th century Anglo-Saxon name. Our only complaint is that the spellings should be consistent. The given name is spelled, "Ælfflæd" in Searle. We would suggest changing the name to: Ælfflæd æt Wethmor.

3) Aleksandra Drakonova. Device Resubmission. Argent, an owl displayed sable, on a chief vert, three decrescents argent.

{Name submitted on 6/99 MK ELoI}

The client's previous submission (Argent, an owl displayed sable between three points azure, in chief a decrescent vert) was returned by Rouge Scarpe on 6/99 for use of a prohibited charge (three points). The redesign addresses this problem by eliminating them.

4) Anna ingen ui Reachthain. New Name and Device. Per chevron gules and azure, five crosses flory in chief Or.

Anna is found in Woulfe (206) as a header form. Reachthain is from ibid (401) under "MacReachthain." The submitter desires a 14th century name and would like MacReachthain if justifiable, but says that having a 14th century name is more important than the Mac. The consulting herald writes that the "name may need further grammar foo." The client will NOT accept MAJOR changes.

5) Anna ingen ui Reachthain. New Badge. (Fieldless) A weeping willow tree purpure.

{Name submitted above}

6) Anu of Shelmerdine. New Name.

Anu is in Ó Corráin & Maguire (22) as a feminine given name. A John Shelmerdine is dated to 1632 in Bardsley, English and Welsh Surnames (688). The client will NOT accept MAJOR changes and cares most about sound.

7) Brian Cullen of Ormond. New Device. Or, a chevron embattled to chief vert, between three cups gules.

{Name reg'd ??/??}

While the forms claim that the name is already registered, I can locate no record that this name was indeed registered.

8) Brighid Inghean Murcatt. New Name and Device. Per pall inverted gules, Or, and sable, two bat winged lions combatant counterchanged, and in base a glove palewise argent.

These items were pended on the 8/15/99 MK ILoI for lack of payment (a problem which was quickly rectified by the client).

Brighid is in Withycombe (54). Inghean Murcatt is a constructed metronymic from the hypothetical Murcatt ("cat of the sea") a parallel of Murchu ("dog of the sea") in Ó Corráin & Maguire (143). "Old Irish" for cat is "catt," according to Black (142). Submitter will accept changes, including "Murchad" in Ó Corráin & Maguire (142). She will NOT, however, accept MAJOR changes. She cares most about having a 12th-13th century Scottish name and would like the name to be authentic for that time and place.

It is not clear to me that the tinctures of the two lions (Or and gules) are clear from this blazon.

9) Brighid ni Chearnaigh. New Badge. Vert semy of acorns Or.

{Name reg'd 1/97}

Submitted as "Brighid ni Caernaigh," we have corrected the spelling to that which was registered.

10) Brigit inghean Carthaig. New Name and Device. Argent, an oak leaf vert between three decrescents gules.

Brigit is in Ó Corráin & Maguire (36). Carthaig is the genitive form of Carthach, found in Jones, "100 Most Popular Men's Names in Early Medieval Ireland" (4). The client cares most about having an Irish name and would like her name to be authentic Irish.

11) Cainwen Prenrhos. Device Resubmission. Azure, three annulets interlaced one and two, a bordure Or.

{Name reg'd ??/99?}

The client's previous submission was returned by Atlantia on approximately 9/98, but we have no further information about the submission or the reason for return. There is no record of the name being registered by Laurel.

12) Calandra Aldobrandi. New Name.

Calandro (a masculine name) is found in Lyth and Mittleman, "Italian Personal Names" (108). Calandra is a hypothetical feminine form and follows a pattern (e.g., Alessandro-Alessandra, Ananstasio-Ananstasia, Antonio-Antonia, etc). Aldobrandi is dated to 1427 in "Italian Names of Florance[sic]" (1). The client cares most about meaning and sound and would like an authentic 14th century Italian name.

13) Cassandra of the Western Green. Badge Resubmission. (Fieldless) Conjoined to a torse vert and argent, a sprig of honeysuckle gules, slipped and leaved vert.

{Name reg's 10/90}

The client's previous submission (Argent, a sprig of honeysuckle bendwise gules, slipped and leaved, within a wreath vert, ribbonned argent ) was returned by Laurel on 4/98 for use of an unacceptable depiction (the ribbonned wreath). Laurel suggested submitting either a real wreath or simply a torse. The client has chosen the latter.

14) Coldedernhale, Shire of. New Group Name and Device. Argent, chausse, a yale combatant, and in chief a laurel wreath vert.

The name is composed of two elements (Colde and Dernhale). Ekwall (no page given) under "Norton" has Coldenorthon dated to 1229 for "Cold Norton." Ibid (no page given) under "Dernhall" has Dernhale dated to 1275. The name is already a compound of "derne" (hidden) and "halh" (hollow) according to ibid and according to Smith, English Place Name Elements (no page given). As for using these elements together, the clients cite from Mills (xxiii) who observes that "double-barreled" names occur in English place names, especially around the 13th or 14th centuries. Affixes were added to differentiate them from other towns with similar names ("Cold Dernhale" as opposed to the warm one). The clients care most about sound and have included a petition of support.

We remind clients that a basic prerequisite of citation (especially when copies are not enclosed) is to provide page numbers if applicable. As Ekwall and Smith both have standard pagination, such information is strongly recommended.

15) Darius Methodius. New Name and Device. Per chevron inverted Or and azure, three elephants one and two counterchanged.

Darius is asserted to be classical (a Persian king). Methodius appears in Attwater, Penguin Dictionary of Saints (237). The client cares most about language (Greek?) and wants an authentic 11th century Byzantine name. This name needs some special care, but, with some better documentation, it should be fine.

16) Demetrios Kantakouzenos. New Name and Device. Per pale checky pean and Or, and checky erminois and sable.

For Demetrios, the client cites Chavez, "Common Names of the Aristocracy in the Roman Empire During the 6th & 7th Centuries" (no page number, listed under Masculine Given Names) which dates the name to 1244 [?!]. Kantakouzenos is in ibid (no page number, under Family Names) and dated to 1100 [?!]. [I'm a little unclear how a source on 6-7th century names is coming up with 12th-13th century documentation, but apparently I signed off on the forms at Pennsic!] The client will NOT accept MAJOR changes and cares most about language/culture. He would like the name to be authentic for an (unspecified) time period & language/culture.

17) Dougal of Icolmkill. Device Resubmission. Per fess argent and Or an ogress within two dogs courant in annulo gules.

{Name reg'd 4/98}

The client's previous submission (Per fess Or and argent, an [sic] roundel sable between two dogs statant in annulo gules ) was returned by Laurel on 4/99 for redrawing.

18) Éile O'Ryan. New Name and Device. Vert, two scarpes Or between a mouse statant contourny and a Celtic cross argent.

Éile is in Ó Corráin & Maguire (84). (O) Ryan is a header spelling in MacLysaght, Irish Families (260). The client cares most about language/culture (and having a given name that sounds like -l) and would like a 12th century Irish name.

MacLysaght, Surnames (263) says that Ó Maoilriain is the more common older form, although this might be too different from what the client submitted to be acceptable. O'Ryan definitely looks too modern however.

19) Elisabetta da Firenze. New Name.

Elisabetta is in MacPharlane, "Feminine Given Names from the Italian Renaissance." da Firenze is in De Felice [Cognomi? -- the documentation does not say] (125). The client will NOT permit MAJOR changes. She is interested in having her name be authentic for 14th century Italy.

20) Elsbeth Schneewolf. New Name and Device. Sable, two rampant wolves addorsed argent.

Elsbeth is in Bahlow (English translation) (112). Schneewolf is in ibid (501) as a header spelling and includes a variant (Snewolf) dated to 1359. She will NOT accept MAJOR changes and wants a name which is authentic for (German?) language/culture.

I found Elsbeth in Bahlow (113) under Elisabeth but not on (112).

21) Emma de Lyons. New Badge. (Fieldless) A crescent argent.

{Name reg'd 6/99}

22) Erich Jäger. New Name and Device. Sable, an orle of five wolf heads erased uluant contourny argent.

Erich is in Bahlow (English translation) (118) and dated to 1293. Jäger is in ibid (273). The client wants an authentic 15th century German name and cares most about language/culture.

23) Fína ingen Aeda. New Name and Device. Or, a triskelion, on a chief gules, three mullets of six points argent.

Fína is dated to 805 according to an unidentified source. Áeda [note the accent] is in Ó Corráin & Maguire (no page given). While the documentation for this name comes from a Gabriel letter (#1764), it is sparse on actual attribution and needs documentary support before it is ready to send to Laurel. The client cares most about having a "Scotti or Pictish" name and having it be authentic for 5th-9th century "Pictish or Scotti" [isn't a Scotti a breed of dog? :) ]. The A in Aeda probably needs the accent.

The blazon is mine. On the large emblazon, the stars are the same size, but they are still sort of arranged one and two. This might need redrawing.

24) Gilcrist O'Faolain. New Name and Device. Vert, on three piles in point Or, a latin cross formy sable.

Gilcrist is mentioned in Withycombe (63) under "Christopher" as a common way "to render Gaelic Gilcrist." Ó Faoláin [note the accents] is in Grenham, Little Book of Irish Clans (60) as the root of Whelan. The client cares most about sound.

Obviously, we need some better docs here. Ó Corráin & Maguire (111) have Gilla Críst. MacLysaght (299) has Ó Faoláin as an earlier form of Whelan. Perhaps Gilcrist Ó Faoláin would fly if someone could get some docs for the given name.

25) Guillin Frouville l'Coyfer. New Name and Device. Argent, a demigoat rampant purpure, a chief nebuly vert.

[I consulted on this name, but this is not the name I signed off on -- PWT]

Guillin is in Dauzat, Noms et Prenoms (314) under "Guillaume." Frouville is in ibid (271). The last element could not be documented (although Ione Lynch allegedly has the docs). The closest we could find was [Osenne] la coiffière in Colm Dubh, "Index to Given Names in the 1292 Census of Paris." We felt that it could be masculinized to le coiffier and I signed off on the name Guillin Frouville le Coiffier (with the understanding that the client would submit it as documented and we would try to document his preferred form if we could). Unfortunately, the client has not only submitted it using the undocumented form but also does NOT allow MAJOR changes. He cares most about sound and having a name which is authentic for a "14th century frence [sic], hatmaker, traveler." He will NOT allow the creation of a holding name.

Not only can we not document l'Coyfer, it seems ungrammatical and unlikely. Unless someone can dig up docs for l'Coyfer, this will probably need to be returned.

The beastie looks more like a mer-goat to me.

26) Hildegard von der Zugspitze. New Name and Device. Per bend sinister azure and argent, two horses heads issuant from the line of division counterchanged.

The client wanted Hildegard von Garmisch, but could not document Garmisch (a town in Southern Bavaria, by Füssen) in period. The client will accept the German of "Hildegard from the Zugspitze" (a mountain, located by Garmische). Hildegard is dated to c1150 in Bahlow (English translation) (247). Zugspitze is undocumented, but alleged to be the highest mountain in modern Germany, located by Garmish-Partenkirchen. The client cares most about meaning and language/culture.

Garmisch is mentioned in the Webster's Geographical Dictionary (388) but not dated. Zugspitze is in ibid (1292).

27) Horsa of Schleswig. New Name and Device. Argent, a chevron inverted gules in chief a saxon helm between two spears overall sable.

Horsa is dated to the 5th century in Searle (301). Scheswig is in Bahlow, Deutsche Geographisches Namenwelt (423). The client will NOT accept MAJOR changes and cares most about language/culture. He would like to have an authentic 7th century Anglo-Saxon name. He will NOT permit the creation of a holding name.

The proposed blazon seems a bit clunky. Maybe: Argent, a chevron inverted gules, overall two spears, and in chief a saxon helm sable?

28) Joseph Grünewald of York. Device Resubmission. Sable, two chevronels braced and on a chief Or, a compass star gules.

{Name reg'd 6/92}

The client's previous nearly-identical submission (Sable, three chevronels braced, on a chief Or a compass star gules) was returned by Laurel on 6/92 for conflict with Ewband (Papworth, 551) (Sable, three chevrons braced Or, on a chief of the last as many annulets sable). The client's changes probably clear this conflict, but the issue is moot as we no longer protect the arms of Ewband.

29) Karl Königsberg. New Name.

Karl is in Bahlow (English translation) (286) and was used by royal and noble families "in the Middle Ages." Königsberg is dated to 1470 in Brechenmacher (II: 89) through Königsßpergk aus Leipzig. The client cares most about (unspecified) meaning and will NOT permit MINOR changes.

30) Katherine d'Ameins. Name and Device Resubmission. Purpure, a unicorn rampant contourny, on a chief arched argent a thistle sable.

The client's previous submission (Katherine de Lindsay) was returned by Laurel on 12/98 for conflict with Kathryn of Lindsey. The client's previous device (Per pale dovetailed sable and purpure, a unicorn contourny guardant and a thistle argent) was returned for using a complex line of division between two colors and for redrawing of the unicorn.

No documentation for the given name is included, but it is not only a common period name, but also the client's modern given name. Tuchman, Distant Mirror (2) dates the castle of Amiens [note the spelling] to 1223. The client cares most about having a French name and would like it to be authentic for 13th-14th century France. As the device submission has the spelling "Amiens" on it as well, we believe the client made a typo on the name form and intended to submit the name, "Katherine d'Amiens." We would suggest that the forms be corrected.

31) Katherine Mercer. New Name and Device. Azure, on a chevron argent between three mullets Or, a chevronel azure.

Katherine is in Withycombe (186). Mercer is dated to 1379 in Bardsley (527). The client cares most about sound and would like an authentic 15th-16th century English name.

Design looks more like two argent chevronels to us.

32) Keina ferch Siôn. New Name.

Keina is in Reaney & Wilson (80) and dated to 1202. ferch Siôn is documented as "medieval" in Morgan & Morgan (136). The client cares most about having a Welsh name and wants an authentic 13th-14th century Welsh name.

33) Leoba von Mainz. New Name and Device. Per bend Or and Vert, two grape leaves issuant from the line of division.

Leoba is dated to the 8th century in Attwater, Penguin Dictionary of Saints (213). von Mainz is documented from ibid.

34) Lisete de l'abbé St. Trondé. New Name and Device. Per pale sable and azure, two wolf's heads erased respectant ululant all within a bordure per pale argent and Or.

No documentation for the given name is included [while this is a Pennsic submission, there is no name worksheet]. The rest of the name is intended to mean "of the Abbey of Saint Trond" and the client dates the Abbey to the 7th century using Pirenne, L'Histoire de Belgique (a multivolume set, apparently, as the clients says she used the volume entitled Des Origines Au Commencement du XIV Siecle [sic] -- no page number provided]. There is some confusion about spelling. The documentation is a handwritten copy from the book and entitled, "Reference for Lisete de l'abbe-St. Trônde" while the copied section of the documentation reads, "...dehors de Saint-Pierre de Gand et de Saint-Trond...." The client cares most about the language/culture and wants an authentic 7th century French name. She will NOT permit MAJOR changes.

This name has numerous grammar and orthographic problems. I believe the abbreviation will have to be eliminated and the capitalization normalized to Lisete de l'Abbé de Saint-Trônd but I am unclear about whether even this orthography is correct (it is certainly NOT correct for Old French). More importantly, the whole thing is translated incorrectly. L'abbé means "the abbot" in (admittedly, modern) French. The (modern) French word for "abbey" is l'abbaye. Unless we have some proof of the different orthography in period, this should be returned. As submitted, the name appears to mean: "Lisete of the abbot (Saint) Trondé" which seems to me to mean the illegitimate offspring of some wayward man of the cloth!

35) Lucina la frepière. New Name and Device. Azure, three acorns conjoined in pall, a chief rayonny argent.

Lucina is dated to the 13th century in Withycombe (200) under "Lucia." le frepier is in Colm Dubh, "Index to the Given Names in the 1292 Census of Paris." la frepière is believed to be the correct feminine form. The client will NOT allow MAJOR changes and cares most about meaning. She would like an authentic pre-1400 name.

The byname should probably be capitalized to la Frepière or La Frepière.

36) Lucina la frepière. New Badge. (Fieldless) Three acorns conjoined in pall argent.

{Name submitted above}

37) Lupo del Luna. Name Resubmission and New Device. Gyronny vert and Or, a roundel in chief and a wolf's head caboshed in base argent.

The client's previous name (Lunari del Lupo) was returned by Rouge Scarpe on 5/99 for lack of documentation. The device is previously unsubmitted.

Lupo is in De Felice, Nomi (242). Luna is in ibid but is a feminine given name. [The name appears to mean something like, "Wolf of the Moon" (or "Moonwulf"?).] The client adds the following comment: "Also the Persuulant [sic] Herald requested me [sic] to resubmit this name. They said they have it documented!" [I am not sure what this means but in the interests of presenting all the documentation I mention it here].

I have found nothing in De Felice, Cognomi to help with "del Luna." Fucilla (218 and 224) mentions a surname, Luna and perhaps this could be registered as Lupo Luna. In any case, I believe that Lupo da Luna is grammatically more correct than the submitted form.

38) Malachy Rembert. New Name and Device. Per pale argent and azure, on a pile counterchanged, a cross couped fitchy sable.

Malachy is in Attwater, Penguin Dictionary of Saints (220) and dated to 1123. Rembert is in Dauzat, Noms et Prénoms (507) and in Reaney & Wilson (370) under "Rainbird." Rembert is also the client's modern surname. The client will NOT permit MAJOR changes. The client would like an authentic ninth-century Frankish name, but says "don't worry too much" about it.

I'm slightly concerned about the identifiability of the cross.

39) Maximilian von Aurich. Name and Device Resubmission. Sable, on a chevron argent, three vols gules.

The client's previous name (Aurich Greim) was returned by Laurel on 7/99 for lack of a given name. The client's identical device was returned at the same time for conflict with Rafaella d'Allemtejo (Sable, on a chevron throughout argent, an escallop vert). To clear the device conflict, the client submits a Letter of Permission to Conflict from Senhora Rafaella.

Maximilian is in Bahlow (English translation) (357) under "Max." Aurich is in ibid (24). The client cares most about sound and would like an authentic (unspecified) name.

40) Michael Colquhoun. New Name and Device. Sable, a winged sword inverted, wings elevated argent.

Michael is in Withycombe (213). Colquhoun is in Black (163). the client cares most about sound and would like an authentic 13th-15th century Scottish name.

41) Morgan de Ath. New Name.

Morganus is dated to 1159 as a given name and Morgan as a surname is dated to 1214 in Reaney & Wilson (314). Morgan & Morgan (168) list Morgan as a given name. Reaney & Wilson (129) date "de Athia" to 1208 and mention "Ath" in Belgium. The client will NOT allow MAJOR changes. He cares most about sound.

42) Olaf Bygolly. New Name and Device. Per bend sinister sable and Or, a shamrock counterchanged.

Óláfr is in Gierr Bassi (13). Following the pattern of Bygot/Bigott for "by God", it is argued that Bygolly/Bygolie is "by Goliath." Bygot is dated to 1249 in Reaney & Wilson (43) under "Bigott." Golie is in ibid (207) under "Golly." The client cares most about sound and would like to have an authentic name for an (unspecified) time period.

43) Orionna Azzurro. New Name.

The client has only been able to document Orianna, but prefers Orionna if possible. Orianna is in De Felice, Nomi (289) under "Oriana." Azzurro is in De Felice, Cognomi (83) under "Azzurro." She will NOT accept MAJOR changes.

44) Oweyn ap Tegwaret ab Urien. New Device. Azure, three wyverns argent.

{Name reg'd 12/97}

While this is listed as a new item, it is actually a resubmission. The client's previous submission (Azure, on a pale argent a compass star elongated to base sable surmounted in base by a wyvern in annulo gules, a chief argent) was returned by Rouge Scarpe on 12/97. This is MUCH better.

45) Philip MacGregor. New Name and Device. Per bend sinister argent and azure, a sheaf of three wheat stalks and an escallop counterchanged.

Philip is in Withycombe (245) who says it was " the Middle Ages." MacGregor is in Black (505) and dated 1603 and before.

46) Rachel Lamorran. New Device. Vert, a swan naiant, in chief three fleurs-de-lys argent.

{Name reg'd 1/96}

47) Renaud de Launay. New Name and Device. Lozengy Or and vert, a cross patriarchal flory gules.

Dauzat (no page number provided) under "Renard" gives Renaud as a variant. Colm Dubh's 1292 Census article gives Renaut and Renaud as well. Dauzat & Rostaing (20) given Launay as a var of Annay (a department of Eure [Alnetum in the 11th century]). The client cares most about language/ culture and would like to have an authentic name for (unspecified) culture and time period.

48) Rickard of Gwyntarian. New Name and Device. Gyronny argent and azure, a griffin segreant Or.

Rickard is a common var of Richard and dated to 1066 in Reaney & Wilson (377). Gwyntarian is an SCA branch (reg'd 3/83?). The client cares most about sound.

I'm notoriously bad at blazoning but I believe this is actually gyronny azure and argent (please check for conflicts both ways).

49) Roana of Bridgeford. New Device. Sable, a pale Or, a bridge and in chief three leaves counterchanged.

{Name reg'd 5/98}

50) Roderick McCracken. New Name.

Withycombe (255), under "Roderick" says: "Roderick, however, is not infrequent in Scotland" and dates Rothericus to 1303 in England. The exact submitted form of the byname is not documented, but in Black (479), under "MacCrackan," we find McCrekan (1564), Makcrakane (1540), and McKrachin (1607).

51) Rosalind von Rheinpfaltz. New Name.

Withycombe (257) says the name was in existence in Spain after the Goths and also appears in Shakespeare's "As You Like It." Rheinpfaltz is attested to be a region in Germany but could not be documented.

Rheinpfalz (without the T) is better known as the Palatinate to English speakers. Perhaps the spelling should be corrected?

52) Sorcha Brecc ingen Donnchada. New Name and Device. Azure, on a bend azure fimbriated, three escallops inverted palewise argent.

Sorcha is in Ó Corráin & Maguire (167) as "a relatively common name in medieval Ireland." For Brecc, the client cites Jones, "Early Irish Feminine Names from the Index to O'Brien's Corpus Genealogicum Hiberniae" which gives Brecc as a descriptive byname meaning, "freckled." For the last element, Jones, "100 Most Popular Men's Names in Early Medieval Ireland" gives Donnchad. The genitive form is Donnchada. The client will NOT allow MAJOR changes.

53) Stefan der Polle. New Name and Device. Per chevron embattled gules and argent, two swans naiant and a boar's head erased counterchanged.

The client wants to be "Steven the guy from Poland" (a Pole emigrated to Germany). Bahlow (539), under "Steffan," cites Stefan von Swenkenfeld, dated to 1345. Ibid (419), under "Poll," dates der Polle to 1364. The client cares most about meaning.

54) Sunnifa Gunnarsdottir. New Name.

Sunnifa is in Geirr Bassi (15). Gunnarr is in ibid (10) and Gunnarsdottir follows the grammatical rules in ibid (17). The client will NOT permit MAJOR or MINOR changes but wants an authentic 792-1066 Viking name for western Scandinavia.

55) Ulrich von Zähringen. New Name.

Ulrich is in Bahlow (English translation) (574) as a header spelling. Zähringen is in Brechenmacher (II: 844) as a header spelling. The client will NOT permit MAJOR or MINOR changes.

56) Vivienne de La Chartreuse. New Name and Device. Azure, a unicorn rampant argent, a chief lozengy purpure and argent.

The client's previous submission (Vivienne du Lac) was returned by Laurel on 2/99 for conflict with the Lady of the Lake from the Arthurian tales. Her original device submission (Per bend purpure and azure semy-de-lys Or, in sinister chief a unicorn rampant argent) was returned by Rouge Scarpe on 4/99 for use of the prohibited azure semy-de-lys motif. These new submissions address both of these problems.

Vivienne is in Dauzat, Noms et Prénoms (598) and mentioned in Withycombe (291), under "Vivien," as a French var of Vivien. Chartreuse is a period place name, as documented in Franche-Comté Auvergne Lyonnais, Alpes (218 and several other pages). The monastery of La Grande Chartreuse was destroyed by fire in 1084, according to Chartreuse Trivia ( and other on-line sources. The client will NOT permit MAJOR changes and cares most about meaning and language. She would like a period French name.

57) Yseult the Gentle. New Name and Device. Vert semy of pears, on a chief Or, three pimpernels gules.

The exact spelling could not be documented but Scott, "Feminine Given Names in a Dictionary of English Surnames" (100) gives Iseuda (1214), Isota (1327, 1379), Isott (1576), Ysolt (1201, 1204), and Ysout (1200). Reaney and Wilson (188), under "Gentle," give le Gentil dated to 1202 and (le) Gentil dated to 1242. The client will NOT accept MAJOR changes. She cares most about meaning, and having an Anglo-Norman or Norman-Scots name.

The proposed blazon indicated that the pears were "slipped and leaved Or" but this seemed unnecessary so we deleted it.

The following submission has been PENDED and the client notified:

P1) Duncan MacLachlan. Name and Device Resubmission. Azure, a stag rampant and on a chief argent a thistle fesswise and a thistle fesswise to sinister proper.

This has been pended for lack of forms. The client merely enclosed a handwritten note asking that his device be resubmitted under the name resubmission, "Duncan MacLachlan."

Yours In Service,

Paul Wickenden of Thanet

c/o Paul Goldschmidt
3071 Cimarron Trail
Madison WI 53719


Clarissa Wykeham
Nancy Rivers
404 S State Rd, Apt 4
Davison MI 48423

Rouge Scarpe:

Alan Fairfax
Alan Terlep
5401 S Cornell Ave
Chicago IL 60615

Disclaimer: This page is not officially sanctioned by the SCA, Inc., the Middle Kingdom, or the College of Arms. It is a private project of the Escutcheon Herald (Paul Wickenden of Thanet) who has based the information published here on publicly-available documentation.